HISTORY

Mobirise

THE FUTURE AT THE RETURN OF THE CORNER - MICROMOVILITY

In the French capital, precisely, we have had occasion these days to rise to the future that we have just around the corner: personal mobility of the masses. Urban cars will be minimal and autonomous. Travel will be much more efficient. The most common will be cycling (as it is already in big cities like Amsterdam and Copenhagen). And the streets will have to finally adapt to the circulation of the new mills of one or two wheels: electric scooters, balanced unicycles, ninebots, segways, hoverboards, etc.

The socioeconomic, infrastructure and topographical conditions make the bike an alternative in many countries, however, its participation is reduced even though many cities have invested during the last decade in thousands of km of bicycles, education campaigns and complementary infrastructure.

The electric bicycle engages a traction system to the conventional bicycle, becoming a hybrid system. This system consists of a rechargeable battery and an electric motor that generates a traction on one of the wheels. The traction performed by the motor allows the movement without pedaling or may require a pedaling action by the user with less effort than the one performed on a conventional bicycle.

On the electric bicycle, eBike or Pedelec, the battery can be recharged from the mains (± 6 hours for full charge at 110v, ± 3 hours for full charge at 220v) and its energy storage capacity defines maximum speed And autonomy (ranges between 20 and 40 km). The commonly used batteries are acid lead (life between 300-400 charge cycles) and lithium alloys (between 1000-1500 charge cycles). The electric bike with removable, compact lithium battery and aluminum frame offers the best performance.

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The electric bicycle market has been consolidated over the last two decades, driven mainly by China, Japan and Taiwan. Argonne National Laboratory (2009) estimated that sales of electric bicycles in Europe for 2009 amounted to 187,000 units and projected that in the coming years sales will reach 1 million annually.

As for international regulations, eBike is considered a bicycle when the maximum speed is limited to 25-30 Km / hour and the engine has a power of 250-400W, and its traction can be assisted (with pedaling) or directly From a control that allows the movement (without pedaling). There is currently no clear international consensus on the conditions for e-Bike to be considered equivalent to a conventional bike.

The Dutch study "Electric cycling: market research and exploration of prospects" noted that the average distance of a cyclist is 6.3 km and with eBike this distance increased to 9.8 km. The specialist Weitner in 2006 presented the results of a study carried out in Shijiazhuang (China) to know the behavior and perceptions of users of bicycles and electric bicycles. The study found that about 65% of users of bicycles and e-bikes are middle-income people. The most outstanding benefits of the bicycle were comfort, it is healthy, good speed and easy to park; The most outstanding benefits of e-Bike were speed, alternative to bus and comfort; And was used especially for routes between 4-8 kilometers.

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